In spite of what many people faced in the state of Indiana this last winter, global climate change is affecting the state and the world. Temperatures taken as a whole are continuing to rise, and that is having an impact on the weather.
The weather isn’t the only impact from climate change facing the state of Indiana. According to scientists, the state will have to deal with a host of tropical diseases by the end of the century. Some effects are already being noticed.
As the climate changes, certain factors will occur. Conditions in the state will become wetter overall. There will be more large rain events, and these events will lead to flooding and the increase in areas that are permanently wet and damp.
When an area is wet, humid and warm, this is the breeding ground for mosquitoes that are the vector for a host of tropical diseases. Mosquito populations can be keep in check in areas where the temperature is below five degrees Fahrenheit for several days during the winter. When there are fewer and fewer days below five degrees, the mosquito population will be more healthy.
This is already occurring in some portions of Indiana. In some counties, the mosquito population has risen by 81 percent in recent years.
Scientists believe that diseases such as malaria, dengue fever and Zika virus will be on the rise. They are calling on public health officials to begin preparations in case these diseases start to show up in the state.